AMREF HEALTH AFRICA: Investing in Girls’ Education

Jeoren Van Loon / Amref Health Africa

In Samburu County Kenya, 90% of women have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM) and 38% were married before they were 18 years old. This is because the Samburu tribe – nomadic pastoralists whose way of life revolves around their cattle – traditionally practice both FGM and child marriage.

The two practices are linked. When a girl (typically between 8-15 years old) undergoes FGM, she is considered ready to be married off, often to a much older man. Girls are also expected to drop out of school once they are married, which is reflected in the low enrollment rates for girls in secondary school in Samburu County.

To further protect girls in Samburu County, we established a scholarship program through Koota Injena to send girls at risk to FGM and child marriage to secondary school and provide them with training on advocacy skills to become anti-FGM ambassadors. Studies show that out of school youth face an increased risk to harmful practices like FGM and child marriage. Secondary school is not compulsory in Kenya and requires school fees which many families cannot afford, leaving girls without an opportunity to attend school.

Thanks to our donors, we’ve been able to reach girls like 15-year-old Saloni. “I think all girls should go to school,” Saloni said to us when we met her. Unfortunately for Saloni, her family could not keep up with her school fees. Saloni is the third child in a family of six children, supported solely by Saloni’s mother – a domestic helper for a wealthy family. “My mom struggled a lot to send me to secondary school even though I wanted to,” she said.

Saloni has been enrolled at Wamba Girls Secondary School, where she boards and was given a “dignity kit” – a backpack filled with essentials such as sanitary pads, towels, soap, and bedding. Through the scholarship, Saloni also receives life skills training, reproductive health education and training on convincing her family and peers to give up FGM.

When asked about how she feels now that she’s in school, Saloni said, “I’m happy to be here in school My favorite subject is biology. One day, I hope to go to University and become a doctor.”

We asked Saloni what she would like to say to girls around the world that are her age. Saloni said, “I encourage all girls to finish school, to not agree to undergo FGM or to be married young. I would like to say to elders who continue these practices to stop encouraging the cut because it is not good for girls. I learned a lot about FGM from Amref Health Africa. We saw what happens to girls.”

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